Avoid harmful substances

Groups: 
  • Design-Build Contracts
Category: 
  • Materials

Basic

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Contract Terms

Main Objective: 

Products containing substances that are harmful to health or the environment must not be used if better alternatives are available without unreasonable costs or disadvantages (substitution assessment).

The selection and assessment of materials and products at an early stage will reduce the need for urgent substitution assessments throughout the project.

It is therefore important to:

  • have an overview of the products that may include substances on the priority list
  • assess which substances could be substituted
  • document the assessments that have been made and the products that have been deselected

Requirement Specification: 

Products that contain more than 0.1 per cent by weight of substances from the latest version of the Norwegian Environment Agency’s priority list and the Reach candidate list must not be used.

The contractor must:

  • have an overview of the products that may include substances on the priority list
  • assess which substances could be substituted
  • document the assessments that have been made and the products that have been deselected

If it is necessary to use products that contain a higher ratio of harmful substances than specified, such use must be clarified with the client at least three weeks in advance.

The contractor must have a dedicated person who will follow up on requirements concerning the content of substances that are harmful to health or the environment on an ongoing basis.

Documentation of the Requirement Specification: 

The project must continually document that products with more than 0.1 per cent by weight of substances that are harmful to health or the environment are not used, cf. the latest version of the Norwegian Environment Agency’s priority list and the Reach candidate list. The above must be documented through Cobuilder Collaborate, ProsjektDOK, NOBB or an equivalent system that provides an overview of the products that may contain substances on the priority list, assesses which substances can be substituted and documents the assessments that have been made and the products that have been deselected.

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

Requirements concerning the content of substances that are harmful to health or the environment are largely provided through legislation, including the requirement concerning the duty to make substitutions. This must be followed up on throughout the construction project, both in terms of specific requirements and further follow-up during construction. 

If the contractor uses a database system, the client should be linked to the platform so that it is possible to see which products are added and whether there are any non-conformities in relation to the product requirements.  For products that are not included in the project’s follow-up system, it is necessary to conduct a different assessment as to whether the product contains substances from the priority and candidate lists, for example manual assessment of EPDs or safety datasheets from the contractor. In order to fulfil the duty to make substitutions, the project must document the products it has deselected (substituted).

The authorities’ priority list is a list of chemical substances and substance groups that are considered to pose a serious threat to health and the environment. The priority list is based on the inherent properties of the substances. The substances included on the list are covered by a national ambition to continuously reduce use and emissions, with an intention to stop emissions by 2020.

The Reach candidate list is a list of substances with highly undesirable properties, so-called Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC). The candidate list is updated twice per year. SVHC substances meet one or more of the following criteria:

  • Very harmful to health: carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction (CMR substances, category 1A and 1B), as specified in Reach Article 57 a, b, c
  • Very harmful to the environment: persistent, bio-accumulative and toxic (PBT) or very persistent and very bio-accumulative (vPvB), as specified in Reach Article 57 d, e
  • Substances that give rise to an equal concern in terms of health and the environment on a different basis to the groups above (e.g. endocrine-disrupting substances or substances that may cause allergies through inhalation), as specified in Reach Article 57 f

A list has also been prepared for the BREEAM NOR system, referred to as technical checklist A20.  The list is based on the Norwegian Environment Agency’s selection of “worst substances” and their overview of where these substances can be found.  Most products that contain these substances are also classified as hazardous waste. The disposal of hazardous waste when the products need to be replaced means increased costs on the part of the owner.

Advanced

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Contract Terms

Main Objective: 

Products containing substances that are harmful to health or the environment must not be used if better alternatives are available without unreasonable costs or disadvantages (substitution assessment).

The selection and assessment of materials and products at an early stage will reduce the need for urgent substitution assessments throughout the project.

It is therefore important to:

  • have an overview of the products that may include substances on the priority list
  • assess which substances could be substituted
  • document the assessments that have been made and the products that have been deselected

Requirement Specification: 

Products that contain substances from the latest version of the Norwegian Environment Agency’s priority list and the Reach candidate list must not be used.

The contractor must:

  • have an overview of the products that contain substances on the priority list
  • assess which substances could be substituted
  • document the assessments that have been made and the products that have been deselected

If there is a need to use products that contain harmful substances as listed, this must be clarified with the client no later than three weeks in advance.

The contractor must have a person who follows up on the priority list and candidate list on an ongoing basis.

Documentation of the Requirement Specification: 

The project must document that no substances on the priority list or candidate list are used and this must be documented through Cobuilder Collaborate, ProsjektDOK, NOBB or an equivalent system that provides an overview of the products that may contain substances from the priority list, assesses which substances can be substituted and documents the assessments that have been made and the products that have been deselected.

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

Requirements concerning the content of substances that are harmful to health or the environment are largely provided through legislation, including the requirement concerning the duty to make substitutions. This must be followed up on throughout the construction project, both in terms of specific requirements and further follow-up during construction. 

If the contractor uses a database system, the client should be linked to the platform so that it is possible to see which products are added and whether there are any non-conformities in relation to the product requirements.  For products that are not included in the project’s follow-up system, it is necessary to conduct a different assessment as to whether the product contains substances from the priority and candidate lists, for example manual assessment of EPDs or safety datasheets from the contractor. In order to fulfil the duty to make substitutions, the project must document the products it has deselected (substituted).

The authorities’ priority list is a list of chemical substances and substance groups that are considered to pose a serious threat to health and the environment. The priority list is based on the inherent properties of the substances. The substances included on the list are covered by a national ambition to continuously reduce use and emissions, with an intention to stop emissions by 2020.

The Reach candidate list is a list of substances with highly undesirable properties, so-called Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC). The candidate list is updated twice per year. SVHC substances meet one or more of the following criteria:

  • Very harmful to health: carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction (CMR substances, category 1A and 1B), as specified in Reach Article 57 a, b, c
  • Very harmful to the environment: persistent, bio-accumulative and toxic (PBT) or very persistent and very bio-accumulative (vPvB), as specified in Reach Article 57 d, e
  • Substances that give rise to an equal concern in terms of health and the environment on a different basis to the groups above (e.g. endocrine-disrupting substances or substances that may cause allergies through inhalation), as specified in Reach Article 57 f

A list has also been prepared for the BREEAM NOR system, referred to as technical checklist A20.  The list is based on the Norwegian Environment Agency’s selection of “worst substances” and their overview of where these substances can be found.  Most products that contain these substances are also classified as hazardous waste. The disposal of hazardous waste when the products need to be replaced means increased costs on the part of the owner.

Related links: 

Published: 24. Nov 2020, Last modified: 26. Nov 2020