Emissions from vehicles

Groups: 
  • Services
Category: 
  • Engine Technology and Fuels
  • Environment
  • Waste Collection

Basic

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)

Main Objective: 

The main purpose is to reduce air pollution from vehicles.

Requirement Specification: 

The vehicles to be used in the service shall at least satisfy the Euro VI standard.

Vehicles with zero-emission technology satisfy the Euro VI standard.

Documentation of the Requirement Specification: 

Self-declaration confirming that the requirement will be fulfilled.

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

By making reference to a technology-neutral standard, such as the Euro standard, requirements are stipulated for the maximum air pollution permitted, while one at the same time is opening up for alternative solutions.

Heavy vehicles registered for the first time in Norway after 31 December 2013 must satisfy the Euro VI standard (see Regulation (EC) no. 595/2009 under “related links”). Vehicles that are registered before this date may have a lower Euro standard, and it is therefore wise to exclude these vehicles by stipulating a requirement for Euro VI vehicles as a minimum.

The Euro standard does not regulate the emission of CO2. To date, there has not been any standardised measurement of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions from heavy vehicles. The EU Commission has adopted a new regulation, which will establish a common framework for type approval of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption for heavy vehicles. The Norwegian Public Roads Administration is conducting a public hearing on this in 2018 (see proposal to amend Section 3 of the Motor Vehicle Regulations to implement a new environmental regulation, under “related links”).

It may be wise to stipulate in the contract that the contracting authority shall be able to check the vehicle registration on request, so that one can check whether the vehicles used in the contract are in accordance with what was offered.

Biofuels (biodiesel, biogas and bioethanol) that are manufactured in a sustainable manner, provide lower greenhouse gas emissions than fossil fuels. By combining this requirement with the award criterion Emissions from Vehicles, where one can reward biofuels (and other engine technologies), the procurement will achieve an advanced level.

The procurement of older vehicles is not included in this set of criteria.

Useful to combine with

  • Award criterion Emissions from Vehicles (advanced level)

 

Advanced

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)

Main Objective: 

The main purpose is to reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles.

Requirement Specification: 

The vehicles to be used in the service shall at least satisfy the Euro VI standard for gas engines for operation with biogas.

Vehicles with zero-emission technology satisfy the Euro VI standard.

Documentation of the Requirement Specification: 

Self-declaration confirming that the requirement will be fulfilled.

 

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

By making reference to a technology-neutral standard, such as the Euro standard, requirements are stipulated for the maximum air pollution permitted, while one at the same time is opening up for alternative solutions.

The requirement can also be stipulated for some of the vehicles in a fleet.

Heavy vehicles registered for the first time in Norway after 31 December 2013 mustsatisfy the Euro VI standard (see Regulation (EC) no. 595/2009 under “related links”). Vehicles that are registered before this date may have a lower Euro standard, and it is therefore smart to exclude these vehicles by stipulating requirements for minimum Euro VI vehicles.

The Euro standard does not regulate the emission of CO2. To date, there has not been any standardised measurement of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions from heavy vehicles. The EU Commission has adopted a new regulation, which will establish a common framework for type approval of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption for heavy vehicles. The Norwegian Public Roads Administration is conducting a public hearing on this in 2018 (see proposal to amend Section 3 of the Motor Vehicle Regulations to implement a new environmental regulation, under “related links”). 

If the contracting authority wants to allow new vehicles to be phased in during the contract (for example, in cases where there is a long delivery time for the vehicles), a deadline shall be set for when the requirements for the vehicles shall be met.

Approximately 50% of the new waste collection vehicles registered in Norway in 2017 (65 vehicles) had gas engines, cf. statistics from the Information Office for Road Transport. Growth in the procurement of vehicles with gas engines coincides with the development of several biogas plants in Norway. It is nevertheless difficult to find information on what the ratio of biogas versus natural gas use is for these waste collection vehicles.

It may be wise to stipulate in the contract that the contracting authority shall be able to check the vehicle registration or fuel on request, so that one can check whether the vehicles used in the contract are in accordance with what was offered.

This requirement can be combined with the award criterion Emissions from Vehicles, if one wants to have an opportunity to reward vehicles with zero-emission technology.

The procurement of older vehicles is not included in this set of criteria.

Useful to combine with

  • Award criterion Emissions from Vehicles 
  • Contract term Availability of Fuel

 

Spearhead

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)

Main Objective: 

The main purpose is to reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles, as well as to reduce noise from the vehicles.

Requirement Specification: 

 [X] number/share of vehicles to be used in the service that shall have zero-emission technology (Electricity/Hydrogen).

Documentation of the Requirement Specification: 

Self-declaration confirming that the requirement will be fulfilled.

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

Vehicles with zero-emission technology are the type of vehicle that reduces greenhouse gas emissions and the environmental impact of transport to the greatest degree.

In the spring of 2018, a minimum of three electric waste collection vehicles were registered for operation in Norway.

If a requirement is stipulated for waste collection vehicles with zero-emission technology, sufficient time should be set aside before starting the contract, so that the supplier has time to get the vehicles in place, since such vehicles have a longer delivery time at present.

The procurement of older vehicles is not included in this set of criteria, but if the contracting authority wants to allow new vehicles to be phased in during the contract (for example, in cases where there is a long delivery time for the vehicles), suppliers may be permitted to use vehicles with older Euro standards during the interim period. This applies in particular if the alternative is to have to procure new vehicles for a short phase. In this case, the contracting authority shall set a deadline for when the requirements for the new vehicles shall be met.

It may be wise to stipulate in the contract that the contracting authority shall be able to check the vehicle registration on request, so that one can check whether the vehicles used in the contract are in accordance with what was offered.

Useful to combine with

  • Award criterion Emissions from Vehicles
  • Contract term Availability of Fuel

 

Related links: 

Published: 26. Sep 2018, Last modified: 15. Oct 2018