Legal requirements on chemicals and energy efficiency for Computers and monitors
- Computers and monitors
- Ecodesign and hazardous substances
- Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)
Limit and/or eliminate harmful chemicals in Computers and monitor, and equipment that is naturally included (such as mice, cables and keyboards), and achieve energy efficient Computers.
All IT-equipment supplied to the contracting authority shall at least adhere to the following rules:
- The Product Regulations’ chapter 2a (covers the RoHS directive: Directive 2011/65/EU on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment)
- The Product Regulations’ chapter 4 in (covers the POPs regulation: Regulation (EC) no. 850/2004 on persistent organic pollutants)
- The REACH regulation (covers the REACH regulation: Regulation (EC) no. 1907/2006 on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals)
- The Ecodesign directive 617/2013 on requirements to environmentally friendly design of computers and servers*(*applies to tablets, but not monitors)
Documentation of the Requirement Specification:
Suppliers shall confirm that the requirement is met.
Information about the Requirement Specification:
Chemical substances and heavy metals in IT-equipment may represent different hazards to the environment and to people’s health. Knowledge of chemicals and heavy metals is constantly evolving. Many substances are currently banned, while other substances may be banned in the future. It is, thus, important to have an overview of which chemicals are included in the products on the market. By applying this requirement, one highlights the responsibilities manufacturers and suppliers have.
The Product Regulations' Chapter 2a (covers the RoHS directive) imposes requirements on maximum content of certain substances in electrical products (EE products). These substances are lisited in the Regulations relating to the use of hazardous chemicals and other products (EE products). The requirement applies to the entire EE product with all its homogenous individual parts. The Product Regulations’ chapter 2a requires that the manufacturer must prepare a declaration of conformity in Norwegian or English stating that products covered by chapter 2a (such as Computers and monitors) meet requirements to the maximum content of the aforementioned substances. The declaration of conformity must be updated in the event of changes to the rules or the product. The manufacturer must retain the declaration of conformity for ten years after the EE product has been made available for sale and be available to the Norwegian Environment Agency.
The Product Regulations' Chapter 4i (covers the POPs directive) includes provisions for the production, sale, use, emissions and waste processing for persistent organic pollutants that are covered by the requirements in the Stockholm Convention and the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution.
The REACH regulation (covers the REACH directive) comprises the European chemicals regulations, including rules for the import and use of chemicals on the European market.
- Appendix XVII (restriction list) lists substances that have unacceptable risk for people and/or the environment. These substances are either wholly or partially forbidden to produce, import, sell and/or use.
- REACH's candidate list lists substances that are candidates for more stringent regulation in the future. Importers to the EU/EEA and manufacturers of solid products (such as Computers and monitors) containing solids on the candidate list, are required to report to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). The information obligation in REACH gives a contracting authority the right to request that the supplier provide a list of all solid products, that contain substances on the REACH candidate list in a concentration above 0.1 per cent (for each individual component that the product consists of), within 45 days from issuing the request.
The agreement between the EU and the USA on the voluntary international labelling scheme Energy Star expired in February 2018, and it is therefore important to use other documentation for energy efficiency. The Ecodesign Directive (Directive 617/2013) imposes requirements on the maximum energy consumption for Computers, and these requirements must be met in order for the products to be legally sold in the EU and EEA. Using the values stated in appendix II in the Ecodesign Directive (pp. 12 - 23), one may calculate the maximum permitted annual energy consumption (ETEC value ) in kWh/year for Computers.
The ETEC value is calculated using the power consumption when in off mode, sleep mode or idle state, and the hours in a year that the computer is in that state. User profiles vary between the computer types defined in article 2 of the Ecodesign Directive. The permitted ETEC is higher for desktops than notebooks. It also greatly depends on the computer category (A to D) and capacity adjustments.
This requirement specification is developed with input from the Norwegian Environment Agency and the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate.
- The Norwegian Environment Agency's page on REACH (In Norwegian)
- ECHAs guide to requirements to substances in products (In Norwegian)
- Regulations relating to restrictions on the use of hazardous chemicals and other products (EE products) (In Norwegian)
- The ROHS Directive
- Regulations relating to restrictions on the use of hazardous chemicals and other products (the Product Regulations) Chapter 4. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) (In Norwegian)
- The POPs Directive
- The REACH regulations (In Norwegian)
- The REACH Directive
- The Norwegian Environment Agency's chemical search (In Norwegian)
- The Norwegian Water Resouces and Energy Directorate's pages on requirements to ecodesign in computers (In Norwegian)
- European Commissions on the expire of the Energy Star agreement
- EU's Ecodesign Directive