- Design-Build Contracts
- Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)
For many buildings, transport to and from the building during its operation phase produces more greenhouse gas emissions than the greenhouse gas emissions produced by the materials used in construction and the energy used in operation combined. Studying the need for transport to and from the building is important regardless of where the building is located.
Environmental considerations are one of the main driving forces behind new technology. The electrification of vehicles and bicycles is one of the most obvious examples, self-driving vehicles are another. In the longer term, drones might play a role.
The purpose of the criterion is to facilitate environmentally-friendly, safe and efficient transport to and from the building. Transport technology and transport habits are changing and the requirements in this criterion primarily help the client take account of future advances.
A mobility plan will provide insights into the transport needs the building will generate, how these can be met in the short and long term, and the structural measures and priorities this involves.
The scope of the mobility plan must reflect the building's size, properties and location. The overarching goal is for the study to take into account stimulating environmentally-friendly transport and ensuring a forward-looking mindset when it comes to new technology and new forms of transport.
Transport to and from a building must be resolved using a new combination of transport means. The motivation is primarily a desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, although there is also a desire to help improve local air quality. Furthermore, the use of resources for spaces and roads is important.
The general public's preferences are changing dramatically. For example: in recent years parking capacity/traffic capacity at primary schools has in many places been exceeded because parents choose to drive their children. In some places this has given rise to a wish to expand parking capacity, including to preserve safety. Other places have chosen the opposite, namely to "ban" parents parking near schools and thereby encourage children to walk/cycle. The motive is to reduce emissions, improve health and build relationships between the pupils.
Reduction of transport needs:
In some cases, you can help to reduce transport needs when planning new buildings. This can, for example, be done with the aid of expanded storage capacity (canteen goods), communications solutions that facilitate good home office solutions, adapting business and service buildings, developing new road barrier zones, etc.
Transport means and solutions:
So far, parking capacity for private cars has been an important issue when buildings are being planned. A municipal parking factor often provides a starting point for planning. Parking cars will still be of major importance, but parking capacity is related to political priorities. Parking spaces for bicycles and zero-emission vehicles with infrastructure for charging/refilling can be good alternatives to traditional parking spaces.
In order to reduce transport emissions, you should as early as the planning phase be trying to stimulate environmentally-friendly transport and prioritising the various transport solutions based on the illustration below.
If there is a mobility plan from a preliminary project or detailed design project (made in the design project), the measures from this must be implemented and built.
If there is no mobility plan from a preliminary project or detailed design project, Difi recommends ,as a minimum, to implement and build the following measures: :
- Electric charging stations must be established for at least 10% of the building's total car parking capacity, possibly refilling opportunities for other zero-emission vehicles.
- Electric charging stations must be established for electric bicycles for at least 10% of the building's total bicycle parking capacity.
- Sufficient places/capacity must be established for the storage of bicycles, electric bicycles, bicycle trailers and similar.
- Facilitate charging infrastructure (electrical channels either in the form of pipes or ducts from the fuse box/distribution panel) to all parking spaces in, or adjoining, the building, for future increases in the number of charging places.
Must be documented by a confirmation from the contractor showing that the building has been designed with a sufficient number of charging stations or refilling opportunities and designed for charging infrastructure in accordance with the requirements.
Documentation of the Requirement Specification:
Document the measures that have been implemented.
When a project has reached the detailed design project phase there will be fewer opportunities to include measures that can have a big impact on transport to and from the building. The most important measures, apart from implementing measures from earlier phases, will be facilitating charging or refilling opportunities for zero-emission vehicles, and securing opportunities for cycling and walking.
Criteria Relations and Conflicts:
Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP)
In order to ensure that the measures in the mobility plan are implemented, these can be included in a follow-up plan.
Environmental management ensure follow-up of the mobility plan.
Environmental Expertise of offered Personnel
To ensure follow-up of the mobility plan, environmental expertise at contractor can be used as a contract term.