Reduction in emissions from construction machinery, vehicles and equipment

Groups: 
  • Design-Build Contracts
Category: 
  • Emissions from the Construction Site

Basic

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)

Main Objective: 

The use and operation of machinery and vehicles on construction sites contributes to large emissions of greenhouse gases. Diggers, wheel-loaders and dumpers may account for around 80 per cent of CO2 emissions from a machine fleet at a construction site. In Trondheim, heavy vehicles and construction machinery account for 10% and 13% of emissions in the municipality.

We can contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by placing requirements on machinery and equipment at construction sites. These are also positive measures in terms of the local climate and the working environment, as they will contribute to reduced emission of NOx, particles and also generate less noise.

Requirement Specification: 

Machinery and equipment on construction sites must be fossil-free. This requirement does not apply to machinery and equipment that will be used only sporadically on site.

Construction machinery that will be used for the contract must, as a minimum, satisfy the requirements set down in the EU Step IIb standard concerning emissions.

Heating and drying, including thawing/frost protection of the ground, curing of concrete in bridges and tunnels, etc. must be performed without using fossil fuels.

Biofuels must be advanced according to Chapter 3, Appendix V to the product regulations or not made from raw materials associated with a high risk of indirect land use changes (ILUC) in line with the requirements set down in EU Regulations (EU) 2019/807.

Idling on construction sites should be minimised.

Documentation of the Requirement Specification: 

Overview of the proportion of construction machinery and equipment with fossil-free fuels that will be used for the execution of the contract.

The overview must include:

  • type of construction machinery
  • machine manufacturer
  • fuel type
  • estimate of fuel consumption or hourly consumption of the machinery/vehicles

The contractor must include a description of how heating and drying will be performed in a fossil-free manner.

Description of measures to minimise idling.

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

Overview of the proportion of construction machinery and equipment with fossil-free fuels that will be used for the execution of the contract.

The overview must include:

  • type of construction machinery
  • machine manufacturer
  • fuel type
  • estimate of fuel consumption or hourly consumption of the machinery/vehicles

The contractor must include a description of how heating and drying will be performed in a fossil-free manner.

Description of measures to minimise idling.

Advanced

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)

Main Objective: 

The use and operation of machinery and vehicles on construction sites contributes to large emissions of greenhouse gases. Diggers, wheel-loaders and dumpers may account for around 80 per cent of CO2 emissions from a machine fleet at a construction site. In Trondheim, heavy vehicles and construction machinery account for 10% and 13% of emissions in the municipality.

We can contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by placing requirements on machinery and equipment at construction sites. These are also positive measures in terms of the local climate and the working environment, as they will contribute to reduced emission of NOx, particles and also generate less noise.

Requirement Specification: 

<please specify the machinery and equipment that must use zero-emission technologies – based on input from dialogue with the market> must be zero-emission. Machinery and equipment that cannot be zero-emission must be fossil-free.

For the construction machinery that will be used for the contract, the minimum requirements are the requirements set down in the EU Step IV standard concerning emissions.

Vehicles that will be used on the construction site must, as a minimum, meet Euroclass 6/VI and must use fossil-free fuel.

Heating and drying, including thawing/frost protection of the ground, curing of concrete in bridges and tunnels, etc. must be performed without using fossil fuels.

Biofuels must be advanced according to Chapter 3, Appendix V to the product regulations or not made from raw materials associated with a high risk of indirect land use changes (ILUC) in line with the requirements set down in EU Regulations (EU) 2019/807.

Idling on construction sites should be minimised.

Documentation of the Requirement Specification: 

Overview of the proportion of vehicles or cles/construction machinery and equipment with fossil-free fuels or zero-emissions that will be used for the execution of the contract. The overview must include:

  • type of construction machinery/vehicle
  • machine manufacturer
  • fuel type
  • estimate of fuel consumption and hourly consumption of the machinery/vehicles

The contractor must include a description of how heating and drying will be performed in a fossil-free manner.

Description of measures to minimise idling.

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

There are geographical differences in the access to biofuels, fossil-free and zero-emission solutions. We therefore recommend entering into dialogue with the market to investigate what contractors are able to deliver.

If you feel that the market is not mature enough to fulfil the requirements or you wish to stimulate development, you could consider setting down equivalent requirements as contractual conditions. This gives the contractor the time to obtain fossil-free/zero-emission machinery and equipment for the execution of the contract. You could ask contractors, when submitting bids, to answer whether or not various fossil-free or zero-emission machinery/equipment will be in place at the time of entering into the contract and set a deadline for when this must be in place (e.g. <X> months after entering into the contract). The contractor should be able to document that it owns or has access to lease the necessary machinery for the period during which the work will be ongoing. If the contractor plans to use machinery that it does not own or intends to lease, the contractor should be able to submit an order confirmation for the machinery. Fuel consumption or hourly consumption of machinery can be reported through monthly reports. If the offered machinery is not used, you must demand rectification or apply sanctions as governed through the contract. If the contractor fails to deliver in accordance with the bid, the client may demand a proportional daily penalty for the time during which the breach is in effect. This penalty must be considered separately for the project in question, but could, as an example, be: The daily penalty rate per working day for breach of the environmental provisions amounts to up to [XX]‰ of the contract sum, but not less than NOK 1,000 excluding VAT.

You can request monthly reporting with regard to the use of fuel and available machinery/vehicles. Crushers, small electrical equipment (lights, floodlights, bolting equipment, concrete mixers, equipment for compressing soil), heating and cranes can currently be run on electricity and there should be requirements set down in contracts where this is geographically possible.

Fossil-free solutions may include:

1. biofuels

2. electricity

3. district heating

4. bioenergy, hydrogen or other.

For further information about biofuels, please see the guidelines for the procurement of biofuels with a low risk of deforestation and ILUC.

According to the Norwegian Association of Machinery Wholesalers (Maskingrossistenes forening), most construction machinery (lorries, dumpers, diggers, wheel loaders) can run on HVO, provided that they satisfy the EN 15940 standard.

Machinery and equipment that is used only sporadically may include: rollers, wheel loaders used as service machinery, adhesive sprayers, road graders and bulldozers. This is machinery and equipment that is used only to a small extent or for a shorter period of time during the construction project.

Figur om rangering av drivstoff på bakgrunn av en vurdering av klimafotavtrykk

Figure 1: Rating of fuels assessed by carbon footprint. The carbon footprint from transport will include emissions from both the production of fuel and the vehicle (including recovery and refinement of raw materials), as well as the combustion of the fuel.

The Municipality of Østfold has created an overview of different types of fossil-free and zero-emission machinery.

Spearhead

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)

Main Objective: 

The use and operation of machinery and vehicles on construction sites contributes to large emissions of greenhouse gases. Diggers, wheel-loaders and dumpers may account for around 80 per cent of CO2 emissions from a machine fleet at a construction site. In Trondheim, heavy vehicles and construction machinery account for 10% and 13% of emissions in the municipality.

We can contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by placing requirements on machinery and equipment at construction sites. These are also positive measures in terms of the local climate and the working environment, as they will contribute to reduced emission of NOx, particles and also generate less noise.

Requirement Specification: 

All machinery, vehicles, tools and technical equipment, such as <specify which need to use zero-emission technologies – based on input from dialogue with the market>, must be zero-emission. The rest of the machinery fleet and vehicles must be fossil-free.

Vehicles and machinery on the construction site must have a start-stop system to minimise idling and must satisfy Euroclass 6 or Step IV as a minimum.

Heating and drying, including thawing/frost protection of the ground, curing of concrete in bridges and tunnels, etc. must be performed without using fossil fuels.

Biofuels must be advanced according to Chapter 3, Appendix V to the product regulations or not made from raw materials associated with a high risk of indirect land use changes (ILUC) in line with the requirements set down in EU Regulations (EU) 2019/807.

Documentation of the Requirement Specification: 

Overview of the proportion of vehicles/construction machinery with fossil-free fuels or zero-emissions that will be used for the execution of the contract. The overview must include:

  • type of construction machinery/vehicle
  • machine manufacturer
  • fuel type
  • estimate of fuel consumption and hourly consumption of the machinery/vehicles
  • start-stop system

The contractor must include a description of how heating and drying will be performed in a fossil-free or zero-emission manner.

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

There are geographical differences in the access to biofuels, fossil-free and zero-emission solutions. We therefore recommend entering into dialogue with the market to investigate what contractors are able to deliver.

If you feel that the market is not mature enough to fulfil the requirements or you wish to stimulate development, you could consider setting down equivalent requirements as contractual conditions. This gives the contractor the time to obtain fossil-free/zero-emission machinery and equipment for the execution of the contract. You could ask contractors, when submitting bids, to answer whether or not various fossil-free or zero-emission machinery/equipment will be in place at the time of entering into the contract and set a deadline for when this must be in place (e.g. <X> months after entering into the contract). The contractor should be able to document that it owns or has access to lease the necessary machinery for the period during which the work will be ongoing. If the contractor plans to use machinery that it does not own or intends to lease, the contractor should be able to submit an order confirmation for the machinery. Fuel consumption or hourly consumption of machinery can be reported through monthly reports. If the offered machinery is not used, you must demand rectification or apply sanctions as governed through the contract. If the contractor fails to deliver in accordance with the bid, the client may demand a proportional daily penalty for the time during which the breach is in effect. This penalty must be considered separately for the project in question, but could, as an example, be: The daily penalty rate per working day for breach of the environmental provisions amounts to up to [XX]‰ of the contract sum, but not less than NOK 1,000 excluding VAT.

You can request monthly reporting with regard to the use of fuel and available machinery/vehicles. Crushers, small electrical equipment (lights, floodlights, bolting equipment, concrete mixers, equipment for compressing soil), heating and cranes can currently be run on electricity and there should be requirements set down in contracts where this is geographically possible.

Fossil-free solutions may include:

1. biofuels

2. electricity

3. district heating

4. bioenergy, hydrogen or other.

For further information about biofuels, please see the guidelines for the procurement of biofuels with a low risk of deforestation and ILUC.

According to the Norwegian Association of Machinery Wholesalers (Maskingrossistenes forening), most construction machinery (lorries, dumpers, diggers, wheel loaders) can run on HVO, provided that they satisfy the EN 15940 standard.

Machinery and equipment that is used only sporadically may include: rollers, wheel loaders used as service machinery, adhesive sprayers, road graders and bulldozers. This is machinery and equipment that is used only to a small extent or for a shorter period of time during the construction project.

Figur om rangering av drivstoff på bakgrunn av en vurdering av klimafotavtrykk

Figure 1: Rating of fuels assessed by carbon footprint. The carbon footprint from transport will include emissions from both the production of fuel and the vehicle (including recovery and refinement of raw materials), as well as the combustion of the fuel.

The Municipality of Østfold has created an overview of different types of fossil-free and zero-emission machinery.

Related links: 

Published: 25. Nov 2020, Last modified: 16. Dec 2020