Transport Study

Groups: 
  • Design Projects
Category: 
  • Transportation

Basic

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)

Main Objective: 

Motive

For many buildings, transport to and from the building during its operation phase produces more greenhouse gas emissions than the greenhouse gas emissions produced by the materials used in construction and the energy used in operation combined. Studying the need for transport to and from the building is important regardless of where the building is located.

Environmental considerations are one of the main driving forces behind new technology. The electrification of vehicles and bicycles is one of the most obvious examples, self-driving vehicles are another. In the longer term, drones might play a role.

 

Argument

The purpose of the criterion is to facilitate environmentally-friendly, safe and efficient transport to and from the building. Transport technology and transport habits are changing and the requirements in this criterion primarily help the client take account of future advances.

A transport study will provide insights into the transport needs the building will generate, how these can be met in the short and long term, and the structural measures and priorities this involves.

The scope of the transport study must reflect the building's size, properties and location. The overarching goal is for the study to take into account stimulating environmentally-friendly transport and ensuring a forward-looking mindset when it comes to new technology and new forms of transport.

Transport to and from a building must be resolved using a new combination of transport means. The motivation is primarily a desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, although there is also a desire to help improve local air quality. Furthermore, the use of resources for spaces and roads is important.

The general public's preferences are changing dramatically. For example: in recent years parking capacity/traffic capacity at primary schools has in many places been exceeded because parents choose to drive their children. In some places this has given rise to a wish to expand parking capacity, including to preserve safety. Other places have chosen the opposite, namely to "ban" parents parking near schools and thereby encourage children to walk/cycle. The motive is to reduce emissions, improve health and build relationships between the pupils. 

Reduction of transport needs:

In some cases, you can help to reduce transport needs when planning new buildings. This can, for example, be done with the aid of expanded storage capacity (canteen goods), communications solutions that facilitate good home office solutions, adapting business and service buildings, developing new road barrier zones, etc.

Transport means and solutions:

So far, parking capacity for private cars has been an important issue when buildings are being planned. A municipal parking factor often provides a starting point for planning. Parking cars will still be of major importance, but parking capacity is related to political priorities. Parking spaces for bicycles and zero-emission vehicles with infrastructure for charging/refilling can be good alternatives to traditional parking spaces.

Transport functions:

In order to reduce transport emissions, you should as early as the planning phase be trying to stimulate environmentally-friendly transport and prioritising the various transport solutions based on the illustration below.

 
 

 

 

Requirement Specification: 

A study must be produced that assesses the need for transport to and from the building during its operation phase. The study must be prepared in the preliminary project and fleshed out in the detailed design project. It must recommend measures that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport. Relevant measures must be implemented in the design project. The study must discuss the impact on costs or progress.

Walking: Facilitation for pedestrians can make pavements and paths natural choices. Good facilitation of entrance areas to avoid crossing paths with vehicles. Sufficient cloakroom/showering opportunities, drying facilities for clothes. Parking opportunities for cargo trailers and prams.

Bicycles: Same as for walking. You should also facilitate safe bicycle parking, preferably locked and under a roof. Sufficient parking for bicycle trailers and transport bicycles. Charging opportunities for electric bicycles.

Buses and trams: Facilitate boarding and alighting from buses. Investigate the possibility of adjusting public transport services (routes and frequency).

Cars: Parking capacity should be facilitated based on the client's policy. e.g. with respect to payment, needs testing, etc. Since a steadily increasing proportion of the car fleet comprises zero-emission vehicles, you should facilitate charging and refilling opportunities for a substantial proportion.

As a minimum, the following elements must be included in such a study:
Issue that must be explained Description of issue
a) Scope of transport Assess the scope of transport, split between walking, cycling, public transport and cars.
b) and c) Parking spaces for cars and bicycles

Number and sizes for cars, bicycles, electric bicycles, transport bicycles and bicycle trailers. This includes facilitating secure parking for bicycles with respect to theft and vandalism, as well as under a roof protected from the wind and rain. The need for parking spaces with charging capacity for both electric cars and electric bicycles must be determined and the necessary capacity planned.

For larger buildings and residential buildings, the study must describe the facilitation of car sharing schemes. For example, a proportion of parking capacity may be reserved for cars included in such schemes.
d) Good facilitation for pedestrians and cyclists (including capacity for cloakrooms/showers), such that the flow of people to and from the building takes place in a safe, functional manner.

Good cloakroom facilities (showers, drying opportunities, etc.) for pedestrians, cyclists and joggers.

Good logical flow that ensures the flow of people to and from the building takes place in a safe, functional manner. This means, among other things:

  • That pedestrians/cyclists should not cross paths and parking for good transport.
  • That public transport must not be impeded by moving cars, goods transport, etc.
  • That parking areas for bicycles, etc. are appropriately sited in relation to entrances/cloakrooms.
  • That waste can be accumulated and removed without causing noise or coming into conflict with pedestrians, cyclists, play areas, etc.
  • That emergency vehicles have sufficient space for manoeuvring..
e) Good logical flow for delivering goods and services in the operation phase

Delivering goods and services in the operation phase (measures for limiting the impact from this). Good logical flow that ensures the flow of goods to and from the building takes place in a safe, functional manner. This means, among other things:

  • That waste can be accumulated and removed without causing noise or coming into conflict with pedestrians, cyclists, play areas, etc.

That emergency vehicles have sufficient space for manoeuvring.

f) Facilitate charging infrastructure for all parking spaces The possibility of facilitating charging infrastructure (electrical channels either in the form of pipes or ducts from the fuse box/distribution panel) to parking spaces in, or adjoining, the building, for future increases in the number of charging places. This also includes dealing with any power issues

 

Information about the Requirement Specification: 

The need for transport to and from the building is important regardless of where the building is located. The transport needs of schools in rural areas are different from those of schools in city centres.

Transport to and from the buildings of tomorrow will have to be resolved using a new combination of transport means. The motivation is primarily a desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, although there is also a desire to help improve local air quality. Furthermore, the use of resources for spaces and roads is important.

Tomorrow's transport solutions will emerge due to new technology, new logistics systems in society and changes in the preferences of the general public.

Environmental considerations are one of the main driving forces behind new technology. The electrification of vehicles and bicycles is one of the most obvious examples, self-driving vehicles are another. In the longer term, drones might play a role.

The general public's preferences are changing dramatically. For example: in recent years parking capacity/traffic capacity at primary schools has in many places been exceeded because parents choose to drive their children. In some places this has given rise to a wish to expand parking capacity, including to preserve safety. Other places have chosen the opposite, namely to "ban" parents parking near schools and thereby encourage children to walk/cycle. The motive is to reduce emissions, improve health and build relationships between the pupils. 

Reduction of transport needs:
In some cases, you can help to reduce transport needs when planning new buildings. This can, for example, be done with the aid of expanded storage capacity (canteen goods), communications solutions that facilitate good home office solutions, adapting business and service buildings, developing new road barrier zones, etc.

Transport means and solutions:
So far, parking capacity for private cars has been an important issue when buildings are being planned. A municipal parking factor often provides a starting point for planning. Parking cars will still be of major importance, but parking capacity is related to political priorities.

Logical flow:
The flow of people and goods to and from a building should take place in a safe, functional manner. This means, among other things:

  • That pedestrians/cyclists should not cross paths and parking for good transport.
  • That public transport must not be impeded by moving cars, goods transport, etc.
  • That parking areas for bicycles, etc. are appropriately sited in relation to entrances/cloakrooms.
  • That waste can be accumulated and removed without causing noise or coming into conflict with pedestrians, cyclists, play areas, etc.
  • That emergency vehicles have sufficient space for manoeuvring.

Advanced

Requirements and Criteria Type: 
  • Technical Specification (Requirement Specifications)

Main Objective: 

Motive

For many buildings, transport to and from the building during its operation phase produces more greenhouse gas emissions than the greenhouse gas emissions produced by the materials used in construction and the energy used in operation combined. Studying the need for transport to and from the building is important regardless of where the building is located.

Environmental considerations are one of the main driving forces behind new technology. The electrification of vehicles and bicycles is one of the most obvious examples, self-driving vehicles are another. In the longer term, drones might play a role.

 

Argument

The purpose of the criterion is to facilitate environmentally-friendly, safe and efficient transport to and from the building. Transport technology and transport habits are changing and the requirements in this criterion primarily help the client take account of future advances.

A transport study will provide insights into the transport needs the building will generate, how these can be met in the short and long term, and the structural measures and priorities this involves.

The scope of the transport study must reflect the building's size, properties and location. The overarching goal is for the study to take into account stimulating environmentally-friendly transport and ensuring a forward-looking mindset when it comes to new technology and new forms of transport.

Transport to and from a building must be resolved using a new combination of transport means. The motivation is primarily a desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, although there is also a desire to help improve local air quality. Furthermore, the use of resources for spaces and roads is important.

The general public's preferences are changing dramatically. For example: in recent years parking capacity/traffic capacity at primary schools has in many places been exceeded because parents choose to drive their children. In some places this has given rise to a wish to expand parking capacity, including to preserve safety. Other places have chosen the opposite, namely to "ban" parents parking near schools and thereby encourage children to walk/cycle. The motive is to reduce emissions, improve health and build relationships between the pupils. 

Reduction of transport needs:

In some cases, you can help to reduce transport needs when planning new buildings. This can, for example, be done with the aid of expanded storage capacity (canteen goods), communications solutions that facilitate good home office solutions, adapting business and service buildings, developing new road barrier zones, etc.

Transport means and solutions:

So far, parking capacity for private cars has been an important issue when buildings are being planned. A municipal parking factor often provides a starting point for planning. Parking cars will still be of major importance, but parking capacity is related to political priorities. Parking spaces for bicycles and zero-emission vehicles with infrastructure for charging/refilling can be good alternatives to traditional parking spaces.

Transport functions:

In order to reduce transport emissions, you should as early as the planning phase be trying to stimulate environmentally-friendly transport and prioritising the various transport solutions based on the illustration below.

 
 

Requirement Specification: 

A study must be produced that assesses the need for transport to and from the building during its operation phase. The study must be prepared in the preliminary project and fleshed out in the detailed design project. It must recommend measures that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport. Relevant measures must be implemented in the design project. The study must discuss the impact on costs or progress.

Walking: Facilitation for pedestrians can make pavements and paths natural choices. Good facilitation of entrance areas to avoid crossing paths with vehicles. Sufficient cloakroom/showering opportunities, drying facilities for clothes. Parking opportunities for cargo trailers and prams.

Bicycles: Same as for walking. You should also facilitate safe bicycle parking, preferably locked and under a roof. Sufficient parking for bicycle trailers and transport bicycles. Charging opportunities for electric bicycles.

Buses and trams: Facilitate boarding and alighting from buses. Investigate the possibility of adjusting public transport services (routes and frequency).

Cars: Parking capacity should be facilitated based on the client's policy. e.g. with respect to payment, needs testing, etc. Since a steadily increasing proportion of the car fleet comprises zero-emission vehicles, you should facilitate charging and refilling opportunities for a substantial proportion.

As a minimum, the following elements must be included in such a study:
Issue that must be explained Description of issue
a) Scope of transport Assess the scope of transport, split between walking, cycling, public transport and cars.
b) and c) Parking spaces for cars and bicycles

Number and sizes for cars, bicycles, electric bicycles, transport bicycles and bicycle trailers. This includes facilitating secure parking for bicycles with respect to theft and vandalism, as well as under a roof protected from the wind and rain. The need for parking spaces with charging capacity for both electric cars and electric bicycles must be determined and the necessary capacity planned.

For larger buildings and residential buildings, the study must describe the facilitation of car sharing schemes. For example, a proportion of parking capacity may be reserved for cars included in such schemes.
d) Good facilitation for pedestrians and cyclists (including capacity for cloakrooms/showers), such that the flow of people to and from the building takes place in a safe, functional manner.

Good cloakroom facilities (showers, drying opportunities, etc.) for pedestrians, cyclists and joggers.

Good logical flow that ensures the flow of people to and from the building takes place in a safe, functional manner. This means, among other things:

  • That pedestrians/cyclists should not cross paths and parking for good transport.
  • That public transport must not be impeded by moving cars, goods transport, etc.
  • That parking areas for bicycles, etc. are appropriately sited in relation to entrances/cloakrooms.
  • That waste can be accumulated and removed without causing noise or coming into conflict with pedestrians, cyclists, play areas, etc.
  • That emergency vehicles have sufficient space for manoeuvring..
e) Good logical flow for delivering goods and services in the operation phase

Delivering goods and services in the operation phase (measures for limiting the impact from this). Good logical flow that ensures the flow of goods to and from the building takes place in a safe, functional manner. This means, among other things:

  • That waste can be accumulated and removed without causing noise or coming into conflict with pedestrians, cyclists, play areas, etc.

That emergency vehicles have sufficient space for manoeuvring.

f) Facilitate charging infrastructure for all parking spaces The possibility of facilitating charging infrastructure (electrical channels either in the form of pipes or ducts from the fuse box/distribution panel) to parking spaces in, or adjoining, the building, for future increases in the number of charging places. This also includes dealing with any power issues
g) Investigate changes in public transport services Investigate the basis for any changes in public transport services, e.g. new bus schedules, routes and stops. As a basis for the dialogue with operators of public transport services.
h) Infrastructure must be coordinated with municipal responsibilities and development. Infrastructure (elements such as paths, cycle paths, location of stops for public transport) must be discussed and coordinated with municipal responsibilities and development.
Information about the Requirement Specification: 

The need for transport to and from the building is important regardless of where the building is located. The transport needs of schools in rural areas are different from those of schools in city centres.

Transport to and from the buildings of tomorrow will have to be resolved using a new combination of transport means. The motivation is primarily a desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, although there is also a desire to help improve local air quality. Furthermore, the use of resources for spaces and roads is important.

Tomorrow's transport solutions will emerge due to new technology, new logistics systems in society and changes in the preferences of the general public.

Environmental considerations are one of the main driving forces behind new technology. The electrification of vehicles and bicycles is one of the most obvious examples, self-driving vehicles are another. In the longer term, drones might play a role.

The general public's preferences are changing dramatically. For example: in recent years parking capacity/traffic capacity at primary schools has in many places been exceeded because parents choose to drive their children. In some places this has given rise to a wish to expand parking capacity, including to preserve safety. Other places have chosen the opposite, namely to "ban" parents parking near schools and thereby encourage children to walk/cycle. The motive is to reduce emissions, improve health and build relationships between the pupils. 

Reduction of transport needs:
In some cases, you can help to reduce transport needs when planning new buildings. This can, for example, be done with the aid of expanded storage capacity (canteen goods), communications solutions that facilitate good home office solutions, adapting business and service buildings, developing new road barrier zones, etc.

Transport means and solutions:
So far, parking capacity for private cars has been an important issue when buildings are being planned. A municipal parking factor often provides a starting point for planning. Parking cars will still be of major importance, but parking capacity is related to political priorities.

Logical flow:
The flow of people and goods to and from a building should take place in a safe, functional manner. This means, among other things:

  • That pedestrians/cyclists should not cross paths and parking for good transport.
  • That public transport must not be impeded by moving cars, goods transport, etc.
  • That parking areas for bicycles, etc. are appropriately sited in relation to entrances/cloakrooms.
  • That waste can be accumulated and removed without causing noise or coming into conflict with pedestrians, cyclists, play areas, etc.
  • That emergency vehicles have sufficient space for manoeuvring.

Criteria Relations and Conflicts: 

Environmental Programme

Relatert kriterium

Environmental programme is used in the early phase to determine the environmental goals in the project.

Project team leader (P) and architect`s (A) suitability for the project

Relatert kriterium

To ensure follow-up of the transport study, environmental expertise at contractor can be used as a contract term.

Environmental Management

Relatert kriterium

Environmental management ensure follow-up of the transport study.

Environmental Expertise of offered Personnel

Relatert kriterium

Personnel with expertise ensure that environmental requirements will be met.

Published: 08. Feb 2018, Last modified: 31. May 2019